- Decorate dorm.
- Make (something) look more attractive by adding ornament to it
- (decorate) award a mark of honor, such as a medal, to; "He was decorated for his services in the military"
- Provide (a room or building) with a color scheme, paint, wallpaper, etc
- (decorate) make more attractive by adding ornament, colour, etc.; "Decorate the room for the party"; "beautify yourself for the special day"
- (decorate) deck: be beautiful to look at; "Flowers adorned the tables everywhere"
- Confer an award or medal on (a member of the armed forces)
Ethnic By Design
"Ethnic by Design" responds to the challenge of borrowing and adapting the decorative styles of cultures from around the world to enrich the interiors of today. It examines how folk artefacts and designs can be adapted within any home, whether a large counrty house or a small urban apartment. Fourteen main themes explore the decorative approaches of areas that have had a particularly strong influence on design world wide - Cowboy, Native American, Mexican, Nordic, Celtic, Tyrolean, Mediterranean, Eastern European, North African, Tribal, Gold Coast, Japanese, Indian and Asiatic. The traditions and the background of each style is considered with examples of contemporary
European and American interpretations. This text presents a collection of internationally available artefacts, suggesting ways in which the can be used in today's homes.
vietnam - ethnic minorities
Ha Nhi woman (Kam Ho village).
Also called U Ni and Xa U Ni, the Ha Nhi have about 12,500 inhabitants settling in the provinces of Lai Chau arc Lao Cai. Ha Nhi language belongs to the Tibet-Burman Group. The Ha Nhi mainly worship their ancestors. They live on rice cultivation of burnt-over land or terraced fields. They are one of the groups who have a traditional experience in reclaiming terraced fields on mountain slopes, digging canals and building small dams. They use ploughs and harrows pulled by oxens and buffaloes to work the fields. The gardens are often close to their houses.
Animal husbandry is developed as well as the weaving of cloth, wattling of basketry articles. Most of the Ha Nhi can produce clothes for themselves. Women dress varies depending on the regions. The women of Lai Chau have a decorated dress in raw colours, different from the dress of Lao Cai women which is in indigo colour only.
The Ha Nhi have adopted a sedentary lifestyle. Each hamlet contains 60 house holds. The Ha Nhi consists of many family lineages. Each lineage comprises many branches. Every year, at Tet (New Year's Day), the people of the same lineage gets together to listen to elderly men speaking about their ancestors. Some lineages recall far back their 40 generation ancestors. The children often take the name of the father or name of animal corresponding to their birthdays as their middle names. The young men and women are free to choose their partners. Each marriage goes through two stages. In the first stage, the young man and women become husband and wife. The bride comes to life with her husband's family and takes the family name of the husband according to custom of the Ha Nhi in Lai Chau province. Also in Lai Chau, matriarchy is still observed. The second stage is organized when the couple gets rich or has a child.
Funeral customs vary according to regions, but common practices have prevailed such as when a person dies, the partition making off the bedroom
of the deceased is dismantled, as well as the altar to the ancestors. The dead body is placed on a bed in the kitchen and good hours and days must be chosen for burial. To determine the place of burial, an egg is tossed in the air and the grave dug where the egg hit the ground and breaks. There is no cemetery of the whole village. Around the grave, stones are piled up without building a funeral house or a protective fence. Earth grown with grass is refrained from filling up the grave.
The Ha Nhi possess many ancient tales arc stories in long verses. The young men and women play their own dances according to rhythms and accompanied by musical instruments. The young couples used to expose their love by playing leaf panpipe, lip organ and vertical flute. The young girls like to play am ba, met du, tuy huy or nat xi (various kinds of traditional flutes) when night falls. The young boys like to play la khu, a string zither. Besides, the festivals, drums, cymbals and castanets are per- formed. The Ha Nhi also have many songs such as lullabies, duet songs, wedding songs, mourning songs and songs reserved for new houses, receiving guests and welcoming Tet holidays. Particularly, a wedding song of the Ha Nhi in Muong Te district of Lai Chau province is composed by 400 verses.
vietnam - ethnic minorities
Red Dao woman with typical headgear.
The Red Dao ethnic people reside mainly in the northern mountainous provinces of Vietnam . One of the most typical features of the ethnic group is their attire that consists of a turban, tunic, trousers, belt, leggings and shoes. The outfit is created with five basic colors, but red is prominent. According to the custom, the Red Dao women wear an indigo or black tunic with four flaps and sleeves being directly attached to the tunic’s body. The hems of the tunic’s neck and chest are adjoined together and richly embroidered with patterns and designs created with red thread. The two ends of the chest’s hem are adorned with strings of glass-beads and red fringes. The cuffs of sleeves are embroidered using red and white thread. The bottom of the tunic has separate hems overlapping, making the attire look like two tunics, with the outside being shorter than the inside. The Red Dao women also wear a brassier with an embroidered round neck. Two straps are added to the middle of the brassier and fastened in the back.
The turban of the Red Dao is decorated with five-layered patterns of flowers, trees etc., that is squared in the center, helping highlight the charm of the turban. Patterns to decorate the belt at the two ends are traces of tiger feet, pipe trees, figures in dress, etc. The belt is wrapped around the waist for 3-4 times and fastened in the back. The trousers are carefully embroidered with patterns and designs with red, yellow and white square and rectangular shapes, pipe trees, Wan script and canarium fruit on the lower trouser legs while the upper part is plain and black, all creating the balance and harmony of the attire. The outfit of the Red Dao not only shows their diligence, patience, skilfulness and creative imagination but also their exceptional taste in color and composition that create the unique features of the ethnic group.
This new study presents striking parallels in both ethnic (non-European) and folk (European) traditional costumes and ornaments made with silver and glass. African ornaments include Zulu beads, Maghreb necklaces, the Oba's crown, and Massai headpieces. European ornaments extend from the Baltic to the Alps and from Russia, Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire. Asian jewelry comes from the Fertile Crescent, the Silk Route, and the foothills of the Himalaya. Each example exquisitely displays a common sense of beauty among many distant peoples.
Related topics: leaf wall decorations decorative wall sconces outdoor winter decorations tropical home decorations jazz theme decorations decorating ideas kids room outdoor garden decoration room decor for children
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